Python关键字

Python关键字

Python关键字

  Python关键字也称为保留字。python解释器使用它们来理解程序。关键字定义程序的结构。我们不能使用关键字来命名程序实体,例如变量、类和函数。保留字(关键字)是用语言中预定义的含义和语法定义的。这些关键字必须用于开发编程指令。保留字不能用作其他编程元素(如变量名、函数名等)的标识符。本文晓得博客为你介绍Python关键字。

Python关键字详解

Python中有多少关键字?

  Python 有很多关键字。随着Python中新功能的加入,这个数字还在不断增长。Python 3.8.7 是编写本教程时的当前版本,有 35个python关键字。以下是 Python3中的保留关键字列表

PS C:\Users\Administrator\PycharmProjects\pythonProject3> python
Python 3.8.7 (tags/v3.8.7:6503f05, Dec 21 2020, 17:59:51) [MSC v.1928 64 bit (AMD64)] on win32
Type "help", "copyright", "credits" or "license" for more information.
>>> help()

Welcome to Python 3.8's help utility!

If this is your first time using Python, you should definitely check out
the tutorial on the Internet at https://docs.python.org/3.8/tutorial/.

Enter the name of any module, keyword, or topic to get help on writing
Python programs and using Python modules.  To quit this help utility and
return to the interpreter, just type "quit".

To get a list of available modules, keywords, symbols, or topics, type
"modules", "keywords", "symbols", or "topics".  Each module also comes
with a one-line summary of what it does; to list the modules whose name
or summary contain a given string such as "spam", type "modules spam".

help> keywords

Here is a list of the Python keywords.  Enter any keyword to get more help.

False               class               from                or
None                continue            global              pass
True                def                 if                  raise
and                 del                 import              return
as                  elif                in                  try
assert              else                is                  while
async               except              lambda              with
await               finally             nonlocal            yield
break               for                 not

help>

  我们可以使用 python 解释器帮助实用程序获取python关键字的完整列表。

Python3.8.7关键字详解

Python关键字简介

  下面我们晓得博客简单介绍python关键字的目的和用法的基本概念。

序号关键字描述示例
1False布尔值,比较运算的结果x = False
2class定义类class Foo: pass
3from导入模块的特定部分from collections import OrderedDict
4or逻辑运算符x = True or False
5None表示 null 值x = None
6continue继续循环的下一个迭代numbers = range(1,11) for number in numbers: if number == 7: continue
7global声明全局变量x = 0 def add(): global x x = x + 10 add() print(x) # 10
8passnull 语句,一条什么都不做的语句def foo(): pass
9True布尔值,比较运算的结果x = True
10def定义函数def bar(): print(“Hello”)
11if
写一个条件语句
x = 10 if x%2 == 0: print(“x is even”) # prints “x is even”
12raise产生异常def square(x): if type(x) is not int: raise TypeError(“Require int argument”) print(x * x)
13and逻辑运算符x = True y = Falseprint(x and y) # False
14del删除对象s1 = “Hello” print(s1) # Hello del s1 print(s1) # NameError: name ‘s1’ is not defined
15import导入模块# importing class from a module from collections import OrderedDict# import module import math
16return退出函数并返回值def add(x,y): return x+y
17as创建别名from collections import OrderedDict as od import math as mwith open(‘data.csv’) as file: pass # do some processing on filetry: pass except TypeError as e: pass
18elif在条件语句中使用,等同于 else ifx = 10if x > 10: print(‘x is greater than 10’) elif x > 100: print(‘x is greater than 100’) elif x == 10: print(‘x is equal to 10’) else: print(‘x is less than 10’)
19in检查列表、元组等集合中是否存在某个值l1 = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5]if 2 in l1: print(‘list contains 2’)s = ‘abcd’if ‘a’ in s: print(‘string contains a’)
20try
编写 try...except 语句
x = ” try: i = int(x) except ValueError as ae: print(ae)# invalid literal for int() with base 10: ”
21assert用于调试def divide(a, b): assert b != 0 return a / b
22else用于条件语句if False: pass else: print(‘this will always print’)
23is
测试两个变量是否相等
fruits = [‘apple’] fruits1 = [‘apple’] f = fruits print(f is fruits) # True print(fruits1 is fruits) # False
24while创建 while 循环i = 0 while i < 3: print(i) i+=1# Output # 0 # 1 # 2
25asyncPython 3.5 中引入的新关键字。 用在协程函数体中。 与 async 模块和 await 关键字一起使用。 import asyncio import timeasync def ping(url): print(f’Ping Started for {url}’) await asyncio.sleep(1) print(f’Ping Finished for {url}’)async def main(): await asyncio.gather( ping(‘askpython.com’), ping(‘python.org’), )if __name__ == ‘__main__’: then = time.time() loop = asyncio.get_event_loop() loop.run_until_complete(main()) now = time.time() print(f’Execution Time = {now – then}’)# Output Ping Started for askpython.com Ping Started for python.org Ping Finished for askpython.com Ping Finished for python.org Execution Time = 1.004091739654541
26awaitPython3.5中用于异步处理的关键字 Above example demonstrates the use of async and await keywords.
27lambda创建匿名函数multiply = lambda a, b: a * b print(multiply(8, 6)) # 48
28with
用于简化异常处理
with open(‘data.csv’) as file: file.read()
29except处理异常,发生异常时如何执行Please check the try keyword example.
30finally处理异常,无论是否存在异常,都将执行一段代码def division(x, y): try: return x / y except ZeroDivisionError as e: print(e) return -1 finally: print(‘this will always execute’)print(division(10, 2)) print(division(10, 0))# Output this will always execute 5.0 division by zero this will always execute -1
31nonlocal声明非局部变量def outer(): v = ‘outer’def inner(): nonlocal v v = ‘inner’inner() print(v)outer()
32yield结束函数,返回生成器def multiplyByTen(*kwargs): for i in kwargs: yield i * 10a = multiplyByTen(4, 5,) # a is generator object, an iterator# showing the values for i in a: print(i)# Output 40 50
33break跳出循环number = 1 while True: print(number) number += 2 if number > 5: break print(number) # never executed# Output 1 3 5
34for创建 for 循环s1 = ‘Hello’ for c in s1: print(c)# Output H e l l o
35not逻辑运算符x = 20 if x is not 10: print(‘x is not equal to 10’)x = True print(not x) # False

  推荐:零基础如何开始学习Python

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